Peru asutus


Peru, country in western South America. Except for the Lake Titicaca basin in the southeast, its borders lie in sparsely populated zones. Peru has a great diversity of climate, of way of life, and of economic.. The most recent general election was held on 5 June 2016 and resulted in the election of Pedro Pablo Kuczynski as President and Martín Vizcarra as Vice President.[75] The most recent congressional election was a snap election held on 26 January 2020 in response to the dissolution of congress, in which Popular Action, Alliance for Progress, and FREPAP secured a majority in congress.[76] Peru maintains an integrated relationship with other South American nations, and is a member of various South American intergovernmental agreements, more recently the Organization of American States, Mercosur, the Andean Community of Nations, the Pacific Alliance, and the APEC. Peru has historically experienced stressed relations with Chile, including the Peru v Chile international court resolution and the Chilean-Peruvian maritime dispute, but the two countries have agreed to work in improving relations.[94]

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All translations of Haja-asutus. sensagent Peruvian music is dominated by the national instrument, the charango. The charango is member of the lute family of instruments and was invented during colonial times by musicians imitating the Spanish vihuela. In the Canas and Titicaca regions, the charango is used in courtship rituals, symbolically invoking mermaids with the instrument to lure the woman to the male performers. Until the 1960s, the charango was denigrated as an instrument of the rural poor. After the revolution in 1959, which built upon the Indigenismo movement (1910–1940), the charango was popularized among other performers. Variants include the walaycho, chillador, chinlili, and the larger and lower-tuned charangon. After fighting for the independence of the Viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata, José de San Martín created the Army of the Andes and crossed the Andes in 21 days. Once in Chile he joined forces with Chilean army General Bernardo O'Higgins and liberated the country in the battles of Chacabuco and Maipú in 1818.[45] On 7 September 1820, a fleet of eight warships arrived in the port of Paracas under the command of general José de San Martin and Thomas Cochrane, who was serving in the Chilean Navy. Immediately on 26 October they took control of the town of Pisco. San Martin settled in Huacho on 12 November, where he established his headquarters while Cochrane sailed north blockading the port of Callao in Lima. At the same time in the north, Guayaquil was occupied by rebel forces under the command of Gregorio Escobedo. Because Peru was the stronghold of the Spanish government in South America, San Martin's strategy to liberate Peru was to use diplomacy. He sent representatives to Lima urging the Viceroy that Peru be granted independence, however all negotiations proved unsuccessful.

Õpi hispaania koos meie õppevideoid! Selle kanali leiad rohkem kui viis tuhat hispaania sõnad hääldus. Õpi hispaania lihtsaim viis koos meiega Peru is currently considered a world reference in its fight against CCM: from 2007 to 2013, CCM has Peru is honored to have been selected as host country to implement the second SUN Learning Route.. Embarque com a CVC em uma viagem para o Peru e confira nossas dicas sobre o que fazer em Machu Picchu, Lima e Cusco. Aproveite que por aqui sempre tem passagens e pacotes em.. Ylioppilaat 1964-kirjasta en löytänyt hintatietoja. Sähköpostin lähettäminen tai soitto muutamaan divariin varmaan antaa osviittaa hinnasta. Tarkoitat varmaan Arvi Korhosen kirjaa Viisi sodan vuotta.. 300 radios en vivo para escuchar gratis. Todas las radios del Perú en vivo y directo en radiosdelperu.pe


The majority of towns, cities, and villages have their own official church or cathedral and patron saint. The Inca Civilization, which united Peru under its hegemony in the centuries immediately preceding the Spanish conquest, incorporated into their own works a great part of the cultural legacy of the civilizations which preceded it. Important relics of their artwork and architecture can be seen in cities like Cusco, architectural remains like Sacsahuamán and Machu Picchu and stone pavements that united Cusco with the rest of the Inca Empire. Peruvian territory was home to several ancient cultures. Ranging from the Norte Chico civilization starting in 3500 BC, the oldest civilization in the Americas and one of the five cradles of civilization, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in pre-Columbian America, the territory now including Peru has one of the longest histories of civilization of any country, tracing its heritage back to the 4th millennia BCE.

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Peruvian cuisine reflects local practices and ingredients—including influences from the indigenous population including the Inca and cuisines brought in with colonizers and immigrants. Without the familiar ingredients from their home countries, immigrants modified their traditional cuisines by using ingredients available in Peru. The four traditional staples of Peruvian cuisine are corn, potatoes and other tubers, Amaranthaceaes (quinoa, kañiwa and kiwicha) and legumes (beans and lupins). Staples brought by the Spanish include rice, wheat and meats (beef, pork and chicken). Many traditional foods—such as quinoa, kiwicha, chili peppers, and several roots and tubers have increased in popularity in recent decades, reflecting a revival of interest in native Peruvian foods and culinary techniques. Chef Gaston Acurio has become well known for raising awareness of local ingredients. The Spanish Crown gave the name legal status with the 1529 Capitulación de Toledo, which designated the newly encountered Inca Empire as the province of Peru.[25] Under Spanish rule, the country adopted the denomination Viceroyalty of Peru, which became Republic of Peru after independence. Peru has a life expectancy of 75.0 years (72.4 for males and 77.7 for females) according to the latest data for the year 2016 from the World Bank.[147] By the 18th century, declining silver production and economic diversification greatly diminished royal income.[40] In response, the Crown enacted the Bourbon Reforms, a series of edicts that increased taxes and partitioned the Viceroyalty.[41] The new laws provoked Túpac Amaru II's rebellion and other revolts, all of which were suppressed.[42] As a result of these and other changes, the Spaniards and their creole successors came to monopolize control over the land, seizing many of the best lands abandoned by the massive native depopulation. However, the Spanish did not resist the Portuguese expansion of Brazil across the meridian. The Treaty of Tordesillas was rendered meaningless between 1580 and 1640 while Spain controlled Portugal. The need to ease communication and trade with Spain led to the split of the viceroyalty and the creation of new viceroyalties of New Granada and Rio de la Plata at the expense of the territories that formed the Viceroyalty of Peru; this reduced the power, prominence and importance of Lima as the viceroyal capital and shifted the lucrative Andean trade to Buenos Aires and Bogotá, while the fall of the mining and textile production accelerated the progressive decay of the Viceroyalty of Peru. Since the end of the crisis in Peru in 2000, the federal government has significantly reduced annual spending in defense.[101] In the 2016—2017 budget, defense spending has constituted 1.1% of GDP ($2.3 billion), the second lowest spending relative to GDP in South America following Argentina.[102] More recently, the Armed Forces of Peru have been used in civil defense. In 2020, Peru used its military personnel and even reservists to enforce the strict quarantine measures placed during the 2019-2020 coronavirus pandemic.[103]

Prehistory and Pre-Columbian Peru

Some areas of Peru are defined as metropolitan areas which overlap district areas. The largest of them, the Lima metropolitan area, is the seventh-largest metropolis in the Americas. The term Peruvian literature not only refers to literature produced in the independent Republic of Peru, but also to literature produced in the Viceroyalty of Peru during the country's colonial period, and to oral artistic forms created by diverse ethnic groups that existed in the area during the prehispanic period, such as the Quechua, the Aymara and the Chanka people. Peru, officially the Republic of Peru (Spanish: República del Perú ), is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil.. Peru has planned to be fully integrated into the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) by 2021, attributing its economic success and efforts to strengthen institutions as meeting factors to be a part of the OECD.[90][91] Peru is a member of the World Trade Organization, and has pursued multiple major free trade agreements, most recently the Peru—United States Free Trade Agreement, the China—Peru Free Trade Agreement, the European Union Free Trade Agreement, free trade agreements with Japan, and many others.[92][93]

Cusco Peru is one of those places that you can only find yourself hoping to get to, as the Inca ruins of Cusco Peru is a city that is perfect for travelers. It is a jump-off point for excursions on the Inca.. Since the end of the Fujimori regime, Peru has tried to fight corruption while sustaining economic growth.[51] In spite of human rights progress since the time of insurgency, many problems are still visible and show the continued marginalization of those who suffered through the violence of the Peruvian conflict.[52] A caretaker government presided over by Valentín Paniagua took on the responsibility of conducting new presidential and congressional elections. Afterwards Alejandro Toledo became president in 2001 to 2006.

The Chavín culture that developed from 1500 to 300 BC was probably more of a religious than a political phenomenon, with their religious centre in Chavín de Huantar.[30] After the decline of the Chavin culture around the beginning of the 1st century AD, a series of localized and specialized cultures rose and fell, both on the coast and in the highlands, during the next thousand years. On the coast, these included the civilizations of the Paracas, Nazca, Wari, and the more outstanding Chimu and Mochica. The Mochica, who reached their apogee in the first millennium AD, were renowned for their irrigation system which fertilized their arid terrain, their sophisticated ceramic pottery, their lofty buildings, and clever metalwork. The Chimu were the great city builders of pre-Inca civilization; as loose confederation of cities scattered along the coast of northern Peru, the Chimu flourished from about 1140 to 1450. Their capital was at Chan Chan outside of modern-day Trujillo. In the highlands, both the Tiahuanaco culture, near Lake Titicaca in both Peru and Bolivia, and the Wari culture, near the present-day city of Ayacucho, developed large urban settlements and wide-ranging state systems between 500 and 1000 AD.[31] Peru is a unitary presidential representative democratic republic with a multi-party system.[1][2] The country has maintained a liberal democratic system under its 1993 Constitution, which replaced a constitution that leaned the government to a federation to authorize more power to the President.[56][57] It is also a unitary republic, in which the central government holds the most power and can create administrative divisions. The Peruvian system of government combines elements derived from the political systems of the United States (a written constitution, an autonomous Supreme Court, a presidential system) and the People's Republic of China (a unicameral congress, a premier and ministry system, and a strong executive).[58] Faced with opposition to his reform efforts, Fujimori dissolved Congress in the auto-golpe ("self-coup") of 5 April 1992. He then revised the constitution; called new congressional elections; and implemented substantial economic reform, including privatization of numerous state-owned companies, creation of an investment-friendly climate, and sound management of the economy. Fujimori's administration was dogged by insurgent groups, most notably the Sendero Luminoso, who carried out terrorist campaigns across the country throughout the 1980s and 1990s. Fujimori cracked down on the insurgents and was successful in largely quelling them by the late 1990s, but the fight was marred by atrocities committed by both the Peruvian security forces and the insurgents: the Barrios Altos massacre and La Cantuta massacre by Government paramilitary groups, and the bombings of Tarata and Frecuencia Latina by Sendero Luminoso. Those incidents subsequently came to symbolize the human rights violations committed in the last years of violence.[citation needed]

Nazca 2020: Best of Nazca, Peru Tourism - Tripadviso

Finnish asutus: перевод на другие языки Peru also has an equally diverse flora. The coastal deserts produce little more than cacti, apart from hilly fog oases and river valleys that contain unique plant life.[116] The Highlands above the tree-line known as puna is home to bushes, cactus, drought-resistant plants such as ichu, and the largest species of bromeliad – the spectacular Puya raimondii. Llosa, who shared elements of Gabriel García Márquez's magic realism, won an award at the Rotterdam Film Festival. Llosa's second feature, The Milk of Sorrow ("La Teta Asustada"), was nominated for the 82nd Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Picture, the first Peruvian film in the Academy's history to be nominated. The Milk of Sorrow ("La Teta Asustada"), won the Golden Bear award at the 2009 Berlinale. Peru uses a multi-party system for congressional and general elections. Major groups that have formed governments, both on a federal and legislative level, are parties that have historically adopted economic liberalism, progressivism, right-wing populism (specifically Fujimorism), nationalism, and reformism.[74]

Conquest and colonial period

Orden por defecto Ordenar por popularidad Ordenar por calificación media Ordenar por las últimas Ordenar por precio: bajo a alto Ordenar por precio: alto a bajo The indigenous population dramatically collapsed overwhelmingly due to epidemic diseases introduced by the Spanish as well as exploitation and socioeconomic change.[36] Viceroy Francisco de Toledo reorganized the country in the 1570s with gold and silver mining as its main economic activity and Amerindian forced labor as its primary workforce.[37] With the discovery of the great silver and gold lodes at Potosí (present-day Bolivia) and Huancavelica, the viceroyalty flourished as an important provider of mineral resources. Peruvian bullion provided revenue for the Spanish Crown and fueled a complex trade network that extended as far as Europe and the Philippines.[38] Because of lack of available work force, African slaves were added to the labor population. The expansion of a colonial administrative apparatus and bureaucracy paralleled the economic reorganization. With the conquest started the spread of Christianity in South America; most people were forcefully converted to Catholicism, taking only a generation to convert the population. They built churches in every city and replaced some of the Inca temples with churches, such as the Coricancha in the city of Cusco. The church employed the Inquisition, making use of torture to ensure that newly converted Catholics did not stray to other religions or beliefs. Peruvian Catholicism follows the syncretism found in many Latin American countries, in which religious native rituals have been integrated with Christian celebrations.[39] In this endeavor, the church came to play an important role in the acculturation of the natives, drawing them into the cultural orbit of the Spanish settlers. As of 2017[update], 79.3% lived in urban areas and 20.7% in rural areas.[138] Major cities include the Lima metropolitan area (home to over 9.8 million people), Arequipa, Trujillo, Chiclayo, Piura, Iquitos, Cusco, Chimbote, and Huancayo; all reported more than 250,000 inhabitants in the 2007 census.[139] There are 15 uncontacted Amerindian tribes in Peru.[140] To go to Peru and not meet the famous llamas, your tour is incomplete (and disappointing!). This animal is the symbol of Peru: you find them in the streets, in touristic destinations and in most pictures.. National Office of Electoral Processes of Peru

The costa (coast), to the west, is a narrow plain, largely arid except for valleys created by seasonal rivers. The sierra (highlands) is the region of the Andes; it includes the Altiplano plateau as well as the highest peak of the country, the 6,768 m (22,205 ft) Huascarán.[104] The third region is the selva (jungle), a wide expanse of flat terrain covered by the Amazon rainforest that extends east. Almost 60 percent of the country's area is located within this region.[105] The country has fifty-four hydrographic basins, fifty-two of which are small coastal basins that discharge their waters into the Pacific Ocean. The other two are the Amazon basin, which empties into the Atlantic Ocean, and the endorheic basin of Lake Titicaca, both delimited by the Andes mountain range. In the second of these basins, the giant Amazon River begins, which, with its 6872 km, is the longest river in the world, with 75% of the Peruvian territory. Peru contains 4% of the planet's fresh water. 25 Aeropuertos : Perú - Página 1 / 2. Lima (LIM, Perú). Aeropuertos cercanos: Jauja, Pisco, Huanuco, Huaraz, Tingo Maria; Ciudades vecinas: Lima (8 km) desde Lima Vuele usted con: LATAM Chile.. /dostoprimechatelnosti-peru/ Teavitatud asutus. implantaadikaart. Laborid

asutus (39). paikka tai alue, jolla asutaan pysyvästi. Kylät ja kaupungit ovat asutuksia. ihmisten pysyvä asuminen jollakin alueella. Suomen asutus tiivistyy kasvukeskuksiin. uuden asutuksen perustaminen, asuttaminen Roman Catholicism has been the predominant faith in Peru for centuries, albeit with a high degree of syncretism with indigenous traditions. As of the 2017 census, 76% of the population over 12 years old described themselves as Catholic, 14.1% as Evangelical, 4.8% as Protestant, Jewish, Latter-day Saints, and Jehovah's Witness, and 5.1% as nonreligious.[144]

The name of the country may be derived from Birú, the name of a local ruler who lived near the Bay of San Miguel, Panama City, in the early 16th century.[21] When his possessions were visited by Spanish explorers in 1522, they were the southernmost part of the New World yet known to Europeans.[22] Thus, when Francisco Pizarro explored the regions farther south, they came to be designated Birú or Perú.[23] ⚡Cotiza Envíos Serpost Nacionales e Internacionales > Servicios de Mensajería, Paquetería, Correo y Encomiendas ⭐Serpost Guía de Rastreo y Seguimiento → Compara Tarifas, Tiempos de.. Before you head to Peru, Learn all about one of their oldest domesticated animals the llama. The llamas have become so synonymous with Peruvian culture that you can find some sort of llama.. PEA määratlus, mida PEA tähendab, tähenduses PEA, Rahu loomise asutus, PEA tähistab Rahu loomise PEA: Rahu loomise asutus. Mida tähendab PEA? Ülaltoodud on üks PEA tähendustest See the latest Peru enhanced weather satellite map, including areas of cloud cover. The ineractive map makes it easy to navitgate around the globe

Spanish is used by the government and is the mainstream language of the country, which is used by the media and in educational systems and commerce. Amerindians who live in the Andean highlands speak Quechua and Aymara and are ethnically distinct from the diverse indigenous groups who live on the eastern side of the Andes and in the tropical lowlands adjacent to the Amazon basin. Peru's distinct geographical regions are mirrored in a language divide between the coast where Spanish is more predominant over the Amerindian languages, and the more diverse traditional Andean cultures of the mountains and highlands. The indigenous populations east of the Andes speak various languages and dialects. Some of these groups still adhere to traditional indigenous languages, while others have been almost completely assimilated into the Spanish language. There has been an increasing and organized effort to teach Quechua in public schools in the areas where Quechua is spoken. In the Peruvian Amazon, numerous indigenous languages are spoken, including Asháninka, Bora, and Aguaruna.[143] Population of Peru: current, historical, and projected population, growth rate, immigration, median age, total fertility rate (TFR), population density, urbanization, urban population, country's share of world.. The economic crises, the loss of power of Spain in Europe, the war of independence in North America and native uprisings all contributed to a favorable climate to the development of emancipating ideas among the Criollo population in South America. However, the Criollo oligarchy in Peru enjoyed privileges and remained loyal to the Spanish Crown. The liberation movement started in Argentina where autonomous juntas were created as a result of the loss of authority of the Spanish government over its colonies.

Peru - Wikipedi

Despite these results, most reforms were not reversed until the 1990s, when the liberalizing government of Alberto Fujimori ended price controls, protectionism, restrictions on foreign direct investment, and most state ownership of companies.[124] Reforms have permitted sustained economic growth since 1993, except for a slump after the 1997 Asian financial crisis.[125] In 1879, Peru entered the War of the Pacific which lasted until 1884. Bolivia invoked its alliance with Peru against Chile. The Peruvian Government tried to mediate the dispute by sending a diplomatic team to negotiate with the Chilean government, but the committee concluded that war was inevitable. Chile declared war on 5 April 1879. Almost five years of war ended with the loss of the department of Tarapacá and the provinces of Tacna and Arica, in the Atacama region. Two outstanding military leaders throughout the war were Francisco Bolognesi and Miguel Grau. Originally Chile committed to a referendum for the cities of Arica and Tacna to be held years later, in order to self determine their national affiliation. However, Chile refused to apply the Treaty, and neither of the countries could determine the statutory framework. After the War of the Pacific, an extraordinary effort of rebuilding began. The government started to initiate a number of social and economic reforms in order to recover from the damage of the war. Political stability was achieved only in the early 1900s. Exact time now, time zone, time difference, sunrise/sunset time and key facts for Peru. Annual average temperatures for Peru 1901-2018. Each of the stripes represents one year Puno Peru is located at an altitude of 12,565 feet or 3,830 meters above sea level and has a Puno is considered the Folkloric Capital of Peru , there are more than 300 different local dances representing.. Peru is located on the central western coast of South America facing the Pacific Ocean. It lies wholly in the Southern Hemisphere, its northernmost extreme reaching to 1.8 minutes of latitude or about 3.3 kilometres (2.1 mi) south of the equator, covers 1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi) of western South America. It borders Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the southeast, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The Andes mountains run parallel to the Pacific Ocean; they define the three regions traditionally used to describe the country geographically.

Services account for 53% of Peruvian gross domestic product, followed by manufacturing (22.3%), extractive industries (15%), and taxes (9.7%).[126] Recent economic growth has been fueled by macroeconomic stability, improved terms of trade, and rising investment and consumption.[127] Trade is expected to increase further after the implementation of a free trade agreement with the United States signed on 12 April 2006.[128] Peru's main exports are copper, gold, zinc, textiles, and fish meal; its major trade partners are the United States, China, Brazil, and Chile.[129] Peru.com. Síguenos From the 1840s to the 1860s, Peru enjoyed a period of stability under the presidency of Ramón Castilla, through increased state revenues from guano exports.[48] However, by the 1870s, these resources had been depleted, the country was heavily indebted, and political in-fighting was again on the rise.[49] Peru embarked on a railroad-building program that helped but also bankrupted the country. Most Peruvian rivers originate in the peaks of the Andes and drain into one of three basins. Those that drain toward the Pacific Ocean are steep and short, flowing only intermittently. Tributaries of the Amazon River have a much larger flow, and are longer and less steep once they exit the sierra. Rivers that drain into Lake Titicaca are generally short and have a large flow.[106] Peru's longest rivers are the Ucayali, the Marañón, the Putumayo, the Yavarí, the Huallaga, the Urubamba, the Mantaro, and the Amazon.[107]

Peru Population (2020) - Worldomete

Simon Bolivar launched his campaign from the north liberating the Viceroyalty of New Granada in the Battles of Carabobo in 1821 and Pichincha a year later. In July 1822 Bolivar and San Martin gathered in the Guayaquil Conference. Bolivar was left in charge of fully liberating Peru while San Martin retired from politics after the first parliament was assembled. The newly founded Peruvian Congress named Bolivar dictator of Peru giving him the power to organize the military. The Peru Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Peru delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.During early 1995, once again Peru and Ecuador clashed in the Cenepa War, but in 1998 the governments of both nations signed a peace treaty that clearly demarcated the international boundary between them. In November 2000, Fujimori resigned from office and went into a self-imposed exile, avoiding prosecution for human rights violations and corruption charges by the new Peruvian authorities.[51] Based in United Kingdom, asutus has been an eBay member since 15 Dec, 2001. Use this space to tell other eBay members about yourself and what you're passionate about. Give people more reasons to.. Atahualpa (also Atahuallpa), the last Sapa Inca, became emperor when he defeated and executed his older half-brother Huáscar in a civil war sparked by the death of their father, Inca Huayna Capac. In December 1532, a party of conquistadors (supported by the Chankas, Huancas, Cañaris and Chachapoyas as Indian auxiliaries) led by Francisco Pizarro defeated and captured the Inca Emperor Atahualpa in the Battle of Cajamarca. The Spanish conquest of Peru was one of the most important campaigns in the Spanish colonization of the Americas. After years of preliminary exploration and military conflicts, it was the first step in a long campaign that took decades of fighting but ended in Spanish victory and colonization of the region known as the Viceroyalty of Peru with its capital at Lima, which was then known as "La Ciudad de los Reyes" (The City of Kings). The conquest of Peru led to spin-off campaigns throughout the viceroyalty as well as expeditions towards the Amazon Basin as in the case of Spanish efforts to quell Amerindian resistance. The last Inca resistance was suppressed when the Spaniards annihilated the Neo-Inca State in Vilcabamba in 1572.

Õpi hispaania asutus - YouTub

Centro Sismológico Nacional (@Sismos_Peru_IGP) Твитте

  1. The largest lake in Peru, Lake Titicaca between Peru and Bolivia high in the Andes, is also the largest of South America.[108] The largest reservoirs, all in the coastal region of Peru, are the Poechos, Tinajones, San Lorenzo, and El Fraile reservoirs.[109]
  2. PASAPORTES. Requisitos para el trámite de pasaporte ordinario, renovación o por primera vez
  3. Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.

Autonvuokraus Jamestownin asutus Expedia

Peruvian music has Andean, Spanish, and African roots.[163] In pre-Hispanic times, musical expressions varied widely in each region; the quena and the tinya were two common instruments.[164] Spaniards introduced new instruments, such as the guitar and the harp, which led to the development of crossbred instruments like the charango.[165] African contributions to Peruvian music include its rhythms and the cajón, a percussion instrument. Peruvian folk dances include marinera, tondero, zamacueca, diablada and huayno.[166] The cloud-forest slopes of the Andes sustain moss, orchids, and bromeliads, and the Amazon rainforest is known for its variety of trees and canopy plants.[115] Entidad Recaudadora de Impuestos del Perú (SUNAT)

Peru. We help our customers strengthen and grow their businesses through the implementation of Atento in Peru received a silver for this award, becoming the only company in the sector to receive it In Peru the power plugs and sockets are of type A and C. Check out the following pictures. Type A: mainly used in North and Central America, China and Japan. This socket only works with plug A Peru közepes árfekvésű ország, a turisták által látogatott helyszínek kifejezetten drágák. Tengerszint feletti magasság. Az utazásunk programja könnyű sétákat tartalmaz Peruvian sculpture and painting began to define themselves from the ateliers founded by monks, who were strongly influenced by the Sevillian Baroque School. In this context, the stalls of the Cathedral choir, the fountain of the Main Square of Lima both by Pedro de Noguera, and a great part of the colonial production were registered. The first center of art established by the Spanish was the Cuzco School that taught Quechua artists European painting styles. Diego Quispe Tito (1611–1681) was one of the first members of the Cuzco school and Marcos Zapata (1710–1773) was one of the last.[154] Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Políticas, Keiko Fujimori, Perú, Martín Vizcarra, Elecciones Peru

Перу (Peru). Краткая информация о стране Another urban culture, the Wari civilization, flourished between the 8th and 12th centuries in Ayacucho. Their centralized town planning was extended to other areas, such as Pachacamac, Cajamarquilla and Wari Willka. The economy of Peru is the 48th largest in the world (ranked by Purchasing Power Parity),[117] and the income level is classified as upper middle by the World Bank.[14] Peru is, as of 2011[update], one of the world's fastest-growing economies owing to an economic boom experienced during the 2000s.[118] It has an above-average Human Development Index of 0.74 which has seen steady improvement over the last 25 years.[clarify][13] Historically, the country's economic performance has been tied to exports, which provide hard currency to finance imports and external debt payments.[119] Although they have provided substantial revenue, self-sustained growth and a more egalitarian distribution of income have proven elusive.[120] According to 2015 data, 19.3% of its total population is poor, including 9% that lives in extreme poverty.[121] Inflation in 2012 was the lowest in Latin America at only 1.8%, but increased in 2013 as oil and commodity prices rose; as of 2014[update] it stands at 2.5%.[122] The unemployment rate has fallen steadily in recent years,[clarify] and as of 2012[update] stands at 3.6%. The Population of Peru (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019.The combination of tropical latitude, mountain ranges, topography variations, and two ocean currents (Humboldt and El Niño) gives Peru a large diversity of climates. The coastal region has moderate temperatures, low precipitation, and high humidity, except for its warmer, wetter northern reaches.[110] In the mountain region, rain is frequent in summer, and temperature and humidity diminish with altitude up to the frozen peaks of the Andes.[111] The Peruvian Amazon is characterized by heavy rainfall and high temperatures, except for its southernmost part, which has cold winters and seasonal rainfall.[112]

Additionally, Peru has participated in taking a leading role in addressing the crisis in Venezuela through the establishment of the Lima Group.[95] Aprendo en casa ofrece experiencias de aprendizaje, herramientas y recursos educativos orientados a favorecer los aprendizajes With about 31.2 million inhabitants, Peru is the fourth most populous country in South America.[20] The demographic growth rate of Peru declined from 2.6% to 1.6% between 1950 and 2000; with the population being expected to reach approximately 42 million in 2050.[136] According to the 1940 Peruvian census, Peru had a population at the time of seven million residents.[137]

Nazca Peru: 2020 Updated Information Guide - Peru Ho

  1. Between the 9th century BC and the 2nd century CE, the Paracas Cavernas and Paracas Necropolis cultures developed on the south coast of Peru. Paracas Cavernas produced complex polychrome and monochrome ceramics with religious representations. Burials from the Paracas Necropolis also yielded complex textiles, many produced with sophisticated geometric patterns.
  2. Urban architecture reached a new height between the 14th and 15th centuries in the Chimú Culture. The Chimú built the city of Chan Chan in the valley of the Moche River, in La Libertad. The Chimú were skilled goldsmiths and created remarkable works of hydraulic engineering.
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  4. Naa Peru Meenakshi. 1.6K likes. A story about a beautiful young girl belonging to a lower middle-class family, and Radha Krishna Vanamali, a smart and..
  5. Martín 19 Set 2018. Hola, como estas desde peru. JENQUI 3 Oct 2018. Hola, soy de iquitos peru

21st century, Odebrecht Scandal, and political issues

In the early 19th century, while most South American nations were swept by wars of independence, Peru remained a royalist stronghold. As the elite vacillated between emancipation and loyalty to the Spanish Monarchy, independence was achieved only after the occupation by military campaigns of José de San Martín and Simón Bolívar. Asutus tarkoittaa ihmisten pysyvää asumista ja elämistä jollain alueella, tai aluetta, jolla on asutaan pysyvästi. Asutus eli asuttaminen tarkoittaa myös uuden asutuksen perustamista; jonkin ryhmän siirtymistä asumaan uusille alueille Etsi halpoja vuokra-autoja kohteessa Jamestownin asutus. Ilmainen peruutusoikeus. Vertaile parhaat autovuokraamot ja löydä paras tarjous Visit Peru for spectacular hiking and views of Machu Picchu. Stay for the lomo saltado, the alpaca wool souvenirs, and the locals' hospitality Maximo nivel peru. Peru is one of the world's greatest centers of ancient civilization. It is also one of the most beautiful and bio-diverse countries on the planet. Come join us in this amazing country

During this period, most art focused on religious subjects; the numerous churches of the era and the paintings of the Cusco School are representative.[151] Arts stagnated after independence until the emergence of Indigenismo in the early 20th century.[152] Since the 1950s, Peruvian art has been eclectic and shaped by both foreign and local art currents. Peruvian art has its origin in the Andean civilizations. These civilizations rose in the territory of modern Peru before the arrival of the Spanish. Peruvian art incorporated European elements after the Spanish conquest and continued to evolve throughout the centuries up on to the modern day.

6 Best Places To See Llamas And The Peruvian Culture How to Peru

How do you say haja-asutus? Listen to the audio pronunciation of haja-asutus on pronouncekiwi. Leave a vote for your preferred pronunciation. How To Pronounce haja-asutus Due to the Spanish expedition and discovery of the Americas, the explorers started the Columbian Exchange which included food unheard of in the Old World, such as potato, tomato, and maize. Modern indigenous Peruvian food mainly consists of corn, potatoes, and chilies. There are now more than 3,000 kinds of potatoes grown on Peruvian terrain, according to Peru's Instituto Peruano de la Papa.[159] Modern Peruvian cuisine blends Amerindian and Spanish food with strong influences from Chinese, African, Arab, Italian, and Japanese cooking.[160] Common dishes include anticuchos, ceviche, and pachamanca. Peru's varied climate allows the growth of diverse plants and animals good for cooking.[161] Peru's diversity of ingredients and cooking techniques is receiving worldwide acclaim.[162] With the help of Antonio José de Sucre they defeated the larger Spanish army in the Battle of Junín on 6 August 1824 and the decisive Battle of Ayacucho on 9 December of the same year, consolidating the independence of Peru and Alto Peru. Alto Peru was later established as Bolivia. During the early years of the Republic, endemic struggles for power between military leaders caused political instability.[47] Peru var det siste landet som ble selvstendig i Sør-Amerika. Peru er en republikk, der presidenten er stats-, militær- og regjeringssjef. Presidenten velges for en femårsperiode, men kan ikke velges to.. Kinesiólogas, putas y escorts en Perú | Photokines

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Many of the Peruvian toponyms have indigenous sources. In the Andes communities of Áncash, Cusco and Puno, Quechua or Aymara names are overwhelmingly predominant. Their Spanish-based orthography, however, is in conflict with the normalized alphabets of these languages. According to Article 20 of Decreto Supremo No 004-2016-MC (Supreme Decree) which approves the Regulations to Law 29735, published in the official newspaper El Peruano on 22 July 2016, adequate spellings of the toponyms in the normalized alphabets of the indigenous languages must progressively be proposed with the aim of standardizing the naming used by the National Geographic Institute (Instituto Geográfico Nacional, IGN). The National Geographic Institute realizes the necessary changes in the official maps of Peru.[148] The Viceroy of Peru, Joaquín de la Pazuela named José de la Serna commander-in-chief of the loyalist army to protect Lima from the threatened invasion of San Martin. On 29 January, de la Serna organized a coup against de la Pazuela which was recognized by Spain and he was named Viceroy of Peru. This internal power struggle contributed to the success of the liberating army. In order to avoid a military confrontation San Martin met the newly appointed viceroy, José de la Serna, and proposed to create a constitutional monarchy, a proposal that was turned down. De la Serna abandoned the city and on 12 July 1821 San Martin occupied Lima and declared Peruvian independence on 28 July 1821. He created the first Peruvian flag. Alto Peru (Bolivia) remained as a Spanish stronghold until the army of Simón Bolívar liberated it three years later. José de San Martin was declared Protector of Peru. Peruvian national identity was forged during this period, as Bolivarian projects for a Latin American Confederation floundered and a union with Bolivia proved ephemeral.[46] Over recent decades, Peru's foreign relations has historically been dominated by close ties with the United States and Asia,[86] particularly through the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the World Trade Organization, the Pacific Alliance, Mercosur, and the Organization of American States (OAS).[87][88] Peru is an active member of several regional trade blocs and is one of the founding members of the Andean Community of Nations. It is also a member of international organizations such as the OAS and the United Nations.[89] Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, a celebrated Peruvian diplomat, served as United Nations Secretary General from 1981 to 1991. Peruvian culture is primarily rooted in Amerindian traditions,[149] though it has also been influenced by various Asian, African, and European ethnic groups. Peruvian artistic traditions date back to the elaborate pottery, textiles, jewelry, and sculpture of Pre-Inca cultures. The Incas maintained these crafts and made architectural achievements including the construction of Machu Picchu. Baroque dominated colonial art, though modified by native traditions.[150]

Suomen asutus keskiajan alussa. Lappalaiset nuo Pohjolan intiaanit saivat väistyä ja vetäytyä tundralle kun vieras väki tuli ja otti omansa Peru's earliest artwork came from the Cupisnique culture, which was concentrated on the Pacific coast, and the Chavín culture, which was largely north of Lima between the Andean mountain ranges of the Cordillera Negra and the Cordillera Blanca. Decorative work from this era, approximately the 9th century BCE, was symbolic and religious in nature. The artists worked with gold, silver and ceramics to create a variety of sculpture and relief carvings. These civilizations were also known for their architecture and wood sculpture. On 28 July 2006, former president Alan García became President of Peru after winning the 2006 elections. In May 2008, Peru became a member of the Union of South American Nations. In April 2009, former president Alberto Fujimori was convicted of human rights violations and sentenced to 25 years in prison for his role in killings and kidnappings by the Grupo Colina death squad during his government's battle against leftist guerrillas in the 1990s.[53] On 5 June 2011, Ollanta Humala was elected president. During his presidency, Prime Minister Ana Jara and her cabinet were successfully censured, which was the first time in 50 years that a cabinet had been forced to resign from the Peruvian legislature.[54] In 2016, Pedro Pablo Kuczynski was elected, though his government was short lived as he resigned in 2018 amid various controversies surrounding his administration. Vice president Martín Vizcarra then assumed office in March 2018 with generally favorable approval ratings.[55] Alan García was involved in the Operation Car Wash scandal and as police tried to arrest him, he committed suicide on 17 April 2019. Later that year, in July, police arrested Alejandro Toledo in California. Amid the crisis, on 30 September, 2019, President Vizcarra dissoled the congress, and elections were held on 26 January, 2020. During the 2020 coronavirus pandemic, most Peruvians were ordered to stay at home.

La comunicación es de gran importancia para todos los seres humanos, y una herramienta nueva es el chat gratis en Perú, ahora disponible y fácil de usar View All. Add Article. Naa Peru Surya Naa Illu India. Critics Consensus. There are no featured audience reviews for Naa Peru Surya Naa Illu India at this time Under its constitution, the President is both head of state and government and is elected to a five-year term without immediate reelection.[60] The President appoints ministers who oversee the 18 ministries of the state, including the Prime Minister, into the Cabinet.[61] The constitution designates minimal authority to the Prime Minister, who presides over cabinet meetings in which ministers advise the President and acts as a spokesperson on behalf of the executive branch.[62] The President is also able to pose questions of confidence to the Congress of Peru, and consequently order the dissolution of congress, done in 1992 by Alberto Fujimori and in 2019 by Martín Vizcarra.[63] Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

TEPSA pasajes de bus en Perú 30 destinos a nivel naciona

Peru is a multiethnic nation formed by successive waves of different peoples over five centuries. Amerindians inhabited Peruvian territory for several millennia before the Spanish Conquest in the 16th century; according to historian Noble David Cook, their population decreased from nearly 5–9 million in the 1520s to around 600,000 in 1620 mainly because of infectious diseases.[132] Current local time in Peru - Callao - Callao. Get Callao's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Explore Callao's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset Linio Perú - encuentra ofertas online en productos de las mejores.

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In the 15th century, the Incas emerged as a powerful state which, in the span of a century, formed the largest empire in pre-Columbian America with their capital in Cusco.[32] The Incas of Cusco originally represented one of the small and relatively minor ethnic groups, the Quechuas. Gradually, as early as the thirteenth century, they began to expand and incorporate their neighbors. Inca expansion was slow until about the middle of the fifteenth century, when the pace of conquest began to accelerate, particularly under the rule of the emperor Pachacuti. Under his rule and that of his son, Topa Inca Yupanqui, the Incas came to control most of the Andean region, with a population of 9 to 16 million inhabitants under their rule. Pachacuti also promulgated a comprehensive code of laws to govern his far-flung empire, while consolidating his absolute temporal and spiritual authority as the God of the Sun who ruled from a magnificently rebuilt Cusco.[33] From 1438 to 1533, the Incas used a variety of methods, from conquest to peaceful assimilation, to incorporate a large portion of western South America, centered on the Andean mountain ranges, from southern Colombia to northern Chile, between the Pacific Ocean in the west and the Amazon rainforest in the east. The official language of the empire was Quechua, although hundreds of local languages and dialects were spoken. The Inca referred to their empire as Tawantinsuyu which can be translated as "The Four Regions" or "The Four United Provinces." Many local forms of worship persisted in the empire, most of them concerning local sacred Huacas, but the Inca leadership encouraged the worship of Inti, the sun god and imposed its sovereignty above other cults such as that of Pachamama.[34] The Incas considered their King, the Sapa Inca, to be the "child of the sun."[35] Peru is home to one of the oldest institutions of higher learning in the New World. The National University of San Marcos, founded on 12 May 1551, during the Viceroyalty of Peru, is the first officially established and the oldest continuously functioning university in the Americas.


In February 2006, the film Madeinusa, produced as a joint venture between Peru and Spain and directed by Claudia Llosa, was set in an imaginary Andean village and describes the stagnating life of Madeinusa performed by Magaly Solier and the traumas of post-civil war Peru. Amerindian religious traditions continue to play a major role in the beliefs of Peruvians. Catholic festivities like Corpus Christi, Holy Week and Christmas sometimes blend with Amerindian traditions. Amerindian festivities from pre-Columbian remain widespread; Inti Raymi, an ancient Inca festival, is still celebrated, especially in rural communities.

Peru History, Geography, Facts, & Points of Interest Britannic

Asutus oli 2004. aastal Tallinnas toimunud soome-ugri rahvaste 4. maailmakongressi peakorraldaja. Fenno-Ugria on ka Arengukoostöö Ümarlaua ning Eesti Mittetulundusühingute ja Sihtasutuste Liidu.. asutus. Translate. Copy Print Download (.txt) Share Link Add to Favorites Display in context Spaniards and Africans arrived in large numbers under colonial rule, mixing widely with each other and with indigenous peoples. After independence, there was gradual immigration from England, France, Germany, and Italy.[133] Peru freed its black slaves in 1854.[134] Chinese and Japanese arrived in the 1850s as laborers following the end of slavery, and have since become a major influence in Peruvian society, forming one of the largest populations of Asians in Latin America.[135] La Victoria, Lima, Perú

Perú: últimas noticias sobre Perú CN

  1. Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.
  2. Los responsables de las pruebas para detectar el covid-19 en Perú. En Perú, hasta este viernes se registraron más de 40.450 contagios y 1.120 muertos por el covid-19, según las cifras de la..
  3. An alternative history is provided by the contemporary writer Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, son of an Inca princess and a conquistador. He said the name Birú was that of a common Indian happened upon by the crew of a ship on an exploratory mission for governor Pedro Arias de Ávila, and went on to relate more instances of misunderstandings due to the lack of a common language.[24]
  4. Последние твиты от Centro Sismológico Nacional (@Sismos_Peru_IGP). El Instituto Geofísico del Perú, publica los parámetros hipocentrales de los sismos percibidos en superficie y los no percibidos..
  5. LatinChat Peru, ha llegado la hora de conversar sin limites. Bienvenid@ a Peru, Acceder al chat es muy sencillo, solo hay que introducir un nombre o apodo (ej

Maximo Nivel Peru Campuses & Programs in Peru

Últimas noticias, fotos, y videos de Perú y el mundo en El Comercio Perú PerúEduca es la plataforma digital del Ministerio de Educación que brinda servicios a la comunidad educativa. Actualmente, cuenta con más de 1 millón de miembros que aprenden y comparten.. Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.While the Spanish guitar is widely played, so too is the Spanish-in-origin bandurria. Unlike the guitar, it has been transformed by Peruvian players over the years, changing from a 12-string, 6-course instrument to one having 12 to 16 strings in a mere four courses. Violins and harps, also of European origin, are also played.

To go to Peru and not meet the famous llamas, your tour is incomplete (and disappointing!). This animal is the symbol of Peru: you find them in the streets, in touristic destinations and in most pictures.. Peru Guidebook If you're only going to visit only Peru then I recommend you get this guide, which is far more detailed than the continental guide above, with options that cater to a range of budgets instead..

Peru ja Kolumbia | Matkatarjous | matkatoimisto Aktiv-Resor

Peruvian economic policy has varied widely over the past decades.[clarify] The 1968–1975 government of Juan Velasco Alvarado introduced radical reforms, which included agrarian reform, the expropriation of foreign companies, the introduction of an economic planning system, and the creation of a large state-owned sector. These measures failed to achieve their objectives of income redistribution and the end of economic dependence on developed nations.[123] Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

LATAM en Per

Peru is safe, developed, and boasts of every type of terrain possible. 2 weeks in this South American country is ample time to soak up the Peruvian culture without feeling rushed. Here is our extensive.. asutus Peru has a population of 32 million,[20] which includes Amerindians, Europeans, Africans and Asians. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other indigenous languages. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music. Busca tu cita online en Perú. Haz contactos nuevos y ten citas en Perú. ¡Más de 472 de usuarios buscan una cita en Badoo

Internet based free calls to Peru from a web browser. Make free online calls to Peru mobile phones All you need is internet connection to make free calls to Peru. Simply enter the phone number using.. The 3rd century BCE saw the flowering of the urban culture, Moche, in the Lambayeque region. The Mochica culture produced impressive architectural works, such as the Huacas del Sol y de la Luna and the Huaca Rajada of Sipán. They were experts at cultivation in terraces and hydraulic engineering and produced original ceramics, textiles, pictorial and sculptural works. According to the Peruvian Constitution of 1993, Peru's official languages are Spanish, Quechua, and other indigenous languages in areas where they are predominant. Spanish is spoken natively by 82.6% of the population and Quechua by 13.9%, Aymara by 1.7% while other languages are spoken by the remaining 1.8%.[142] Between the 9th and 13th centuries CE, the military urban Tiwanaku empire rose by the borders of Lake Titicaca. Centered around a city of the same name in modern-day Bolivia, the Tiwanaku introduced stone architecture and sculpture of a monumental type. These works of architecture and art were made possible by the Tiwanaku's developing bronze, which enabled them to make the necessary tools.

Peru is divided into 25 departments and one autonomous province— the Province of Lima (LIM) — which is independent of any region and serves as the country's capital.[77] Under the constitution, departments have an elected "regional"^ government composed of two entities: the regional governor and the regional council.[78][79] Arequipa, Peru, 13-15 November 2018. International Association of Cancer Registries, 60. Asutus. Finantseerijapoolne rahastamine. Put; put_op

Trabajamos con el objetivo de desarrollar la capacidad del Gobierno al proporcionar asistencia técnica para servir mejor a la población del Perú Cómo tejer paso a paso en dos agujas (palitos), crochet (ganchillo), horquilla, telares y más!Teje con Esperanza. Tejidos del Perú Peru's electoral system uses compulsory voting for citizens from the age of 18 to 70, including dual-citizens and Peruvians abroad.[71] Members of Congress are directly elected by constituents in respective districts through proportional voting. The President is elected in a general election, along with the Vice President, through a majority in a two-round system.[72] Elections are observed and organized by the National Jury of Elections, National Office of Electoral Processes, and the National Registry of Identification and Civil Status.[73] Download the perfect peru pictures. Find over 100+ of the best free peru images. Free for commercial use No attribution required Copyright-free

Peru also produced the first animated 3-D film in Latin America, Piratas en el Callao. This film is set in the historical port city of Callao, which during colonial times had to defend itself against attacks by Dutch and British privateers seeking to undercut Spain's trade with its colonies. The film was produced by the Peruvian company Alpamayo Entertainment, which made a second 3-D film one year later: Dragones: Destino de Fuego. The Governor constitutes the executive body, proposes budgets, and creates decrees, resolutions, and regional programs.[80] The Regional Council, the region's legislative body, debates and votes on budgets, supervises regional officials, and can vote to remove the governor, deputy governor, or any member of the council from office. The Regional Governor and the Regional Council serve a term of four years, without immediate reelection. These governments plan regional development, execute public investment projects, promote economic activities, and manage public property.[81][82] Tickets de tren a Machu Picchu. Información de horarios, estaciones y trenes a Cusco, Puno y Arequipa

Peruvian literature is rooted in the oral traditions of pre-Columbian civilizations. Spaniards introduced writing in the 16th century; colonial literary expression included chronicles and religious literature. After independence, Costumbrism and Romanticism became the most common literary genres, as exemplified in the works of Ricardo Palma.[155] The early 20th century's Indigenismo movement was led by such writers as Ciro Alegría[156] and José María Arguedas.[157] César Vallejo wrote modernist and often politically engaged verse. Modern Peruvian literature is recognized thanks to authors such as Nobel laureate Mario Vargas Llosa, a leading member of the Latin American Boom.[158] Copyright © Peru21.pe. Grupo El Comercio - Todos los derechos reservados. Quiénes Somos Términos y condiciones Políticas de Privacidad Politicas de Cookies Preguntas Frecuentes Everything you need to know about Ollantaytambo, the ancient Inca site in Peru. These are the second best-preserved ruins right after Machu Picchu

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Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants. Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country. Asutus on ühiskonnas halduslikke, majanduslikke, kultuurilisi, hariduslikke, sotsiaalseid või muid ülesandeid täitev iseseisev, ainelise tootmisega mitte tegelev institutsioon

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